Bài tập Tiếng Anh Lớp 10 thí điểm - Unit 6: Gender equality

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  1. BÀI TẬP TIẾNG ANH 10 THÍ ĐIỄM 19. Most employers prefer male workers to female ones. UNIT 6 ~ GENDER EQUALITY A. want B. compliment C. care aboutD. favour Part I. PHONETICS 20. She failed to get into medical university. Exercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose A. passed B. qualifiedC. didn’t succeed D. satisfied underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the 21. In order to be successful, we should never give up hope. following questions. A. fightB. abandon C. continue D. suspect 1. A. women B. follow C. concentrate D. project 22. Gender discrimination has become a hot subject of conversations among 2. A. address B. allowC. traffic D. rural school students. 3. A. minimum B. influence C. eliminateD. bias A. topic B. study C. fact D. case 4. A. preventB. education C. dependent D. eliminate 23. The government took big steps to prevent gender inequality. 5. A. encourage B. contributeC. delicious D. college A. increaseB. avoid C. promote . D. cause Exercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs 24. Those people who have enough courage and will are likely to be successful. from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the A. energy B. motivationC. bravery D. desire following questions. 25. Nowadays, many women are aware of gender preferences in favour of boys. 6. A. career B. gender C. equal D. bias A. fail B. ignore C. deny D. acknowledge 7. A. enrolB. rural C. allow D. prefer 26. With great effort, she passed the driving test at the first attempt. 8. A. abandon B. dependentC. preference D. exhausted A. succeeded in B. failed C. enrolled D. deferred 9. A. unequal B. enrolment C. encourageD. minimum 27. Female firefighters are sometimes the targets of laughter and anger from the 10. A. physically B. equality C. remarkably D. discriminate coworkers and local people. Part II. VOCABULARY A. reasons B. sources C. directionsD. victims Exercise 3. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST 28. Many women had to pay a heavy price to win equality. in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. A. achieve B. lose C. attempt D. respect 11. This year, more girls enrolled on courses in art and design. 29. Traditional women are often passive and dependent on their husbands. A. avoided B. inserted C. erasedD. enlisted A. freeB. reliant C. adhered D. strong 12. In some rural areas, women and girls are forced to do most of the 30. Women will be exhausted if they have to cover both jobs at work and at housework. home. A. invited B. encouragedC. made D. contributed A. very relaxed B. very pleasedC. very tired D. very happy 13. Our government has done a lot to eliminate gender inequality. 31. Men should share household chores with women in their families. A. causeB. remove C. add D. allow A. cover B. finish C. takeD. split 14. We never allow any kind of discrimination against girls at school. 32. The Government has raised the national minimum wage. A. approve B. deny C. refuse D. debate A. bonus B. expense C. wasteD. pay 15. Women do not yet have equal rights in the family in this area. 33. They were qualified for the job, but they were not recruited. A. variable B. similar C. differentD. the same A. competitive B. selectedC. competent D. applied 16. It's time we banned discrimination at work. 34. Wage discrimination affects women negatively. A. bias B. equity C. fairness D. similarity A. motivatesB. influences C. encourages D. affords 17. Both male and female students in my class perform very well. 35. How are governments addressing the problem of inequality in wages? A. assignB. work C. communicate D. entertain A. focusing on B. raising C. creating D. ignoring 18. Many people in our country still think married women shouldn’t pursue a 36. Many countries now allow and encourage women to join the army and the career. police forces. A. attempt B. attach C. achieve D. want A. permit B. force C. make D. prevent Thẩm Tâm Vy, August 31st, 2020 BÀI TẬP ANH 10 THÍ ĐIỂM ~ UNIT SIX.
  2. 37. We should encourage women to join more social activities. 53. My brother is (A) good with cooking and (B) he can cook (C) very (D) A. preventB. stimulate C. permit D. forbid delicious food. 38. Working mothers contribute to household income. 54. (A) I guess they (B) may be kept home (C) doing housework and look after A. reduce B. takeC. add D. double (D) their children. 39. Family values are likely to pass down from generation to generation. 55. Women (A) in rural areas might (B) be forced (C) to work both at home (D) A. put down B. cut down C. go down D. hand down but on the fields. 40. Women's salaries are becoming important to their household budgets. 56. Some (A) people think that girls (B) shouldn’t be allowed (C) to going (D) A. funds B. costs C. expenses D. fees to university. 41. Experiences at work help women to widen their knowledge. 57. (A) Gender discrimination should be (B) eliminated for create equal A. eliminateB. broaden C. restrict D. spoil opportunities (C) in education (D) for everyone. 42. If women have to do too much housework, they cannot concentrate or work 58. (A) More girls (B) should being chosen (C) to represent us (D) in the School effectively. Youth Union. A. learn B. distractC. focus D. ignore 59. (A) Both women (B) and men (C) should be given equal (D) rights for Exercise 4. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE education and employment. in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 60. (A) This discrimination (B) against women and girls (C) must be (D) 43. The gender gap in primary education has been eliminated. abolishing. A. variety B. inconsistency C. differenceD. similarity 61. (A) Efforts should (B) be make to (C) offer all children equal (D) access to 44. The United Kingdom has made a remarkable progress in gender equality. education. A. insignificant B. impressive C. notable D. famous 62. (A) It is clear that (B) gender differences (C) cannot prevent a person to (D) 45. Men and women equally gain first class degrees. pursue a job. A. acquireB. lose C. achieve D. Obtain 63. Traditional (A) women were mainly (B) responsible to doing housework (C) 46. The United Kingdom still faces challenges in gender equality. and looking (D) after their husbands and children. A. fairnessB. inequality C. evenness D. equilibrium 64. (A) Doing housework (B) every day is (C) really boring and (D) tired. 47. Much has to be done to achieve gender equality in employment 65. (A) In the past, (B) women was often (C) passive and dependent (D) on their opportunities. husbands. A. attain B. obtain C. reachD. abandon 66. (A) Women usually (B) get less pay (C) as men for (D) doing the same job. 48. People have eliminated poverty and hunger in many parts of the world. Exercise 6. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to A. created B. eradicated C. phased out D. wiped out each of the following questions. 49. Both genders should be provided with equal rights to education, 67. It is important that men should share household tasks their wives. employment and healthcare. A. toB. with C. for D. against A. deprived ofB. furnished with C. equipped with D. supplied with 68. Women are more hard-working than men although they are 50. We should not allow any kind of discrimination against women and girls. physically weaker. A. inequality B. hatred C. unbiased feeling D. intolerance A. more B. as C. soD. Ø Part III. GRAMMAR 69. Women are likely to become trouble-makers they are too talkative. Exercise 5. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that A. in order B. soC. because D. thus needs correction in each of the following questions. 70. Some people tend to wrongly believe that men are not as good children as 51. (A) A lot of people (B) think that (C) marriage women shouldn’t (D) pursue women. a career. A. with B. as C. at D. on 52. We (A) must stop (B) discrimination on people (C) coming from the (D) 71. Not many people are aware male preference in this company. rural area. A. for B. on C. aboutD of Thẩm Tâm Vy, August 31st, 2020 BÀI TẬP ANH 10 THÍ ĐIỂM ~ UNIT SIX.
  3. 72. I don't think mothers should be discouraged outside the home. Part IV. SPEAKING A. to workB. from working C. to working D. Working Exercise 7. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct response to 73. More and more girls apply males’ jobs these days. each of the following exchanges. A. byB.for C. about D. to friends Nam and Lan are talking about the topic of gender equality. 74. Working mothers can inspire their kids their hard work and devotion. 91. ~ Nam: “Do you think that there are any jobs which only men or only A. with B. about C. at D. for women can or should do?” 75. Now I wish I could a medical career to become a doctor. ~ Lan: “ ” A. pursuing B. be pursuing C. be pursuedD. pursue A. Men are better at certain jobs than women. 76. Educated women are becoming less dependent their husbands’ decisions. B. I agree. This really depends on their physical strengths and preferences. A. about B.ofC.on D. for C. Women and men should cooperate with each other. 77. This policewoman is famous her courage and strong will. D. Men are often favoured in certain jobs. A. withB. for C. on D. about 92. ~ Lan: “Would you rather work for a male or female boss?” 78. I am thinking becoming a childcare worker because I love children. ~ Nam: “ ” A. of B. with C. for D. on A. I’ve been self-employed for five years. 79. A lot of things need to be done gender equality in education, employment B. I don’t like working under time pressure. and healthcare. C. I prefer a male boss. A. promoting B. in promoting C. for promoting D. to promote D. I can’t stand the women gossips. 80. Nowadays, a number of parents still have preference for boys girls. 93. ~ Nam: “Would you rather have a male or a female secretary?” A. rather B. thanC. over D. instead ~ Lan: “ ” 81. Women’s salaries are getting more important their household income. A. I want to have a female one. A. atB. to C. in D. within B. The number of female secretaries is increasing. 82. I think everybody should be provided equal access to health services. C. The number of female secretaries is staying the same. A. with B. on C. for D. to D. Female secretaries outnumber male ones. 83. Gender discrimination must in order to create a better society. 94. ~ Lan: “How do the roles of men and women differ in your family?” A. eliminate B. be eliminatingC. be eliminated D. eliminated ~ Nam: “ ” 84. This company can for wage discrimination among workers of different A. Most of men don’t want to stay at home. genders. B. Women are changing their roles. A. be sued B. be suing C. sue D. sued C. Most men are very bossy and arrogant. 85. Poor women in disadvantaged areas should more help by governments. D. Men are breadwinners and women are caregivers. A. offerB. be offered C. be offering D. offered 95. ~ Nam: “Which gender, do you think, works harder: male or female? 86. Married women should be encouraged a career of their preference. ~ Lan: “ ” A. pursued B. pursueC. to pursue D. from pursuing A. I think it depends on individuals rather than gender. 87. Domestic violence women and girls must be wiped out at any cost. B. Males like high position jobs more than females. A. on B.at C.forD. against C. Females prefer to have a stable job. 88. Having good education enables women equality. D. Both males and females are responsible for childcare. A. to achieve B. achieve C. to achieving D. Achteved 96. ~ Nam: “Which gender spends most of the time shopping?” 89. We all need to cooperate to fight racism and gender discrimination. ~ Lan: “ ” A. forB. against C. in D. about A. Shopping has always been my hobby. 90. The women in this company have been demanding equal pay equal work. B. More and more people are shopping online these days. A. against B. onC. for D. with C. Both genders like shopping. Thẩm Tâm Vy, August 31st, 2020 BÀI TẬP ANH 10 THÍ ĐIỂM ~ UNIT SIX.
  4. D. It depends on who keeps the money. B. Men are also changing their fashion styles. 97. ~ Nam: “Which gender is most likely to ask strangers for directions?” C. Many clothes now are uni-sex. ~ Lan: “ ” D. Men should never wear women’s clothes. A. Men sometimes ask strangers for directions as well. 104. ~ Nam: “Which gender is better at team sports?” B. Women are because their sense of space and directions is worse. ~ Lan: “ ” C. Both men and women can use GPS these days. A. Women are better at individual sports. D. GPS is very useful to help car drivers. B. Both men and women can do sports. 98. ~ Nam: “Why are there generally so few women in top positions?” C. Physically, men are stronger than women. ~ Lan: “ ” D. Certainly, men are better. A. Top positions are the highest in career ladder. 105. ~ Lan: “Which gender do you think studies most?” B. Top positions are hard to climb to. ~ Nam : “ ” C. I guess men tend to make better leaders. A. Studying is quite long lasting. D. Women also want to climb to top positions. B. This depends more on individuals rather than genders. 99. ~ Nam: “Which gender tends to live longer?” C. Gender discrimination in education is a hot debate. ~ Lan: “ ” D. Female students should also be allowed to further their studies. A. Women tend to live 5 years longer than men. Part V. READING B. Women like a peaceful and quiet life. Exercise 8. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to C. Men want to live an active life. indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered bla D. Both men and women tend to live longer. THE SUFFRAGETTES 100. ~ Nam: “As women live longer than men, should they retire later?” England has had a democracy for a long time. Until 1918, however, women ~ Lan: “ ” were not allowed (106) in it. The right to vote is called ‘suffrage’ and the A. When women are retired, they want to enjoy life. English women who fought (107) and won that right were called B. When men are retired, they still want to continue working. “suffragettes”. C. The government is still discussing the retirement age. The suffragette movement was led by Emmiline Pankhurst. In 1903, she D. I don't think so. Physically, they are weaker and they need to retire earlie (108) an organization called the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU). 101. ~ Lan: “What behaviours are only seen as appropriate for women? Members of the WSPU went to the Prime Minister to (109) suffrage, but he ~ Nam: “ ” told them to “be patient”. The suffragettes were not (110) They wanted A. Women are getting more and more independent. change immediately. B. In some places, women still suffer gender discrimination. The fight for the vote for women became (111) and sometimes violent. In C. I don’t really know. Maybe gossiping and crying in public places. 1908, two suffragettes (112) themselves to the fence outside the Prime D. Gender discrimination should be abolished. Minister's front door! They were arrested and spent weeks in jail. In 1912, 102. ~ Lan: “What behaviours are only seen as appropriate for men?” hundreds of women (113) the streets of London. They broke shop windows ~ Nam: “ ” and even threw stones (114) the Prime Minister’s house. Thousands of A. What are men’s appropriate behaviours? suffragettes were (115) for this and similar actions over the years. B. There are many, such as offering to pay for meals or drinks. World War I (1914-1918) proved to be an important (116) for the women’s C. Men, in general, don’t have appropriate behaviours. movement. Women contributed so much to the war effort as nurses', factory D. Men don’t want other people to criticize them. workers, and at other jobs that more people became convinced of their right to 103. ~ Lan: “What clothing is appropriate for women but not for men?” vote. Women were (117) given that right in January, 1918. ~ Nam: “ ” 106. A. to vote B. for vote C. in voting D. vote A. They are long dresses and skirts. 107. A. with B. for C. against D. to Thẩm Tâm Vy, August 31st, 2020 BÀI TẬP ANH 10 THÍ ĐIỂM ~ UNIT SIX.
  5. 108. A. did B. made C. founded D. found 118. What is the main idea of the passage? 109. A. demand B. ask C. want D. raise A. Men being the bread winners B. Traditional roles of women 110. A. satisfaction B. satisfactory C. satisfy D. satisfied C. Women being the home makers D. Reversed roles between men and women 111. A. intensive B. intense C. intend D. intention 119. Catherine and her husband decided that Catherine would be the primary 112. A. trained B.changed C. chained D. charged earner because 113. A. took to B. took in C. took up D. took over A. she had a badly paid job B. she was not good at childcare 114. A. onto B. on C. over D. at C. she had a reliable job D. she wanted her husband to stay at home 115. A. jail B. jailed C. jailing D. on jail 120. In paragraph 1, the word “him" refers to 116. A. eventual B. even C. event D. eventually A. their son B. her husband C. Derek D. her colleague 117. A. finally B. final C. initial D. initially 121. They decided that Derek would look after their son because they Exercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to A. couldn’t afford to put their child in care for long periods each day indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. B. didn’t want to put their child in care for long periods each day For Catherine Lumby, deciding to take on the role of breadwinner in her C. thought childcare was not safe enough for their children relationship was not a difficult choice. When she discovered she was pregnant D. worried about their son’s health problems with her first child, she had just been offered a demanding new role as Director 122. In paragraph 2, the word “reversal" is closest in meaning to of the Media and Communications department at the University of Sydney. But A. stability B. modification C. rehearsalD. switch she didn't see this as an obstacle, and was prepared to use childcare when the 123. One reason tor a change in the number of men staying home is children were old enough. It came, therefore, as a surprise to Lumby and her A. the stability in the number of highly-educated women who are working husband Derek that, after the birth of their son, they couldn’t actually bear the B. the fall in the number of highly-educated women who are working thought of putting him into childcare tor nine hours a day. As she was the one C. the rise in the number of highly-educated women who are working with the secure job, the role of primary care-giver fell to Derek, who was writing D. the fluctuation in the number of highly-educated women who are working scripts for television. This arrangement continued for the next four years, w ith 10. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate Derek working from home and caring for both of their sons. He returned to full- the correct answer to each of the questions. time work earlier this year. In 1812 a young man called James Barry finished his studies in medicine at Whilst Lumby and her husband are by no means the only Australians making Edinburgh University. After graduating he moved to London where he studied such a role reversal, research suggests that they are in the minority. In a surgery at Guy’s Hospital. After that the popular young doctor joined the army government-funded survey in 2001, only 5.5 percent of couples in the 30-54 and over the next forty years had a brilliant career as an army medical officer, year age group saw the women working either part- or full-time while the men working in many far-off countries and fighting successfully for improved were unemployed. conditions in hospitals. It was a remarkable career - made even more The situation is likely to change, according to the CEO of Relationships remarkable by the discovery upon his death that he was in fact a she, James Australia, Anne Hollonds. She suggests that this is due to several reasons, Barry was a woman. including the number of highly educated women in the workforce and changing No one was more surprised at this discovery than her many friends and social patterns and expectations. However, she warns that for couples involved colleagues. It was true that throughout her life people had remarked upon her in role-switching, there are many potential difficulties to be overcome. For men small size, slight build and smooth pale face. One officer had even objected to whose self-esteem is connected to their jobs and the income it provides to the her appointment as a medical assistant because he could not believe that Barry family, a major change of thinking is required. It also requires women to was old enough to have graduated in medicine. But no one had ever seriously reassess, particularly with regard to domestic or child-rearing decisions, and they suggested that Barry was anything other than a man. may have to learn to deal with the guilt of not always being there at key times By all accounts Barry was a pleasant and good-humoured person with high for their children. Being aware of these issues can make operating in non- cheekbones, reddish hair, a long nose and large eyes. She was well-liked by her traditional roles a lot easier. patients and had a reputation for great speed in surgery - an important quality at Thẩm Tâm Vy, August 31st, 2020 BÀI TẬP ANH 10 THÍ ĐIỂM ~ UNIT SIX.
  6. a time when operations were performed without anaesthetic. She was also quick A. Barry's choice B. Barry’s career C. Barry’s deception D. Barry's reputation tempered. When she was working in army hospitals and prisons overseas, the Part VI. WRITING terrible conditions often made her very angry. She fought hard against injustice Exercise 11. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is and cruelty and her temper sometimes got her into trouble with the authority. closest in meaning to each of the following questions. After a long career overseas, she returned to London where she died in 1865. 131. The government should create more job opportunities for women in rural While the undertaker’s assistant was preparing her body for burial, she areas. discovered that James Barry was a woman. A. Women in rural areas should create more jobs for the government. So why did James Barry deceive people for so long? At that time a woman B. More job opportunities should be created for the government by the women could not study medicine, work as a doctor or join the army. Perhaps Barry had in rural areas. always wante to do these things and pretending to be a man was the only way to C. More job opportunities should be created for women in rural areas by the make it possible. Perhaps she was going to tell the truth one day, but didn’t government. because she was enjoying her life as a man too much. Whatever the reason, D. Rural areas should be created more job opportunities by women in the Barry's deception was successful. By the time it was discovered that she had government. been the first woman in Britain to qualify as a doctor, it was too late for the 132. We all object to wage discrimination. authorities to do anything about it. A. We all support wage discrimination. 124. What is the main idea of the passage? B. We all protest against wage discrimination. A. Gender discrimination among doctors in London C. We all struggle for wage discrimination. B. James Barry pretended to be a man to become a doctor D. Wage discrimination is what we fight for. C. James Barry and her career overseas 133. Health care insurance should be provided for everyone. D. Punishment for James Barry’s deception A. All people should have access to health care insurance. 125. In paragraph 1, the word “remarkable" is closest in meaning to B. Health care insurance should be free for everyone. A. noticeable B. commented C. rewarding D. focused C. Everyone should have free access to health care insurance. 126. According to the passage, all of the following are true EXCEPT D. Only a limited number of people can access free health care insurance. A. all people were surprised at the discovery 134. In some rural areas, parents still prefer their sons to their daughters. B. people remarked upon her small size A. Sons are not as favoured as daughters in some rural areas. C. many people suspected that she was a woman B. Parents in some rural areas like their daughters more than their sons. D. people noticed her slight build and smooth pale face C. Parents in some rural areas still favour their sons rather than daughters. 127. In paragraph 2, the word “objected" is closest in meaning to D. Daughters are more preferable than sons in some rural areas. A. shared B. agreed C. protectedD. protested 135. Single-sex schools should be abolished by the government. 128. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE about James A. Single-sex schools should be controlled by the government. Barry? B. Single-sex schools should be allowed to multiply by the government. A. She could control her temper perfectly.B. She lost her temper easily. C. The government should promote single-sex schools. C. She never lost her temper. D. She was calm and well-behaved. D. The government should eradicate single-sex schools. 129. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE about James Exercise 12. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best Barry? combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. A. She performed her operations quickly. 136. Gender discrimination in education starts at home. Parents treat boys and B. She performed her operations slowly. girls differently. C. She performed her operations carelessly. A. If parents don’t treat boys and girls differently, gender discrimination in D. Her patients did not like her very much. education starts at home. 130. In paragraph 4, the word “it" refers to Thẩm Tâm Vy, August 31st, 2020 BÀI TẬP ANH 10 THÍ ĐIỂM ~ UNIT SIX.
  7. B. Gender discrimination in education starts at home unless parents treat boys and girls differently. C. Gender discrimination in education starts at home if parents treat boys and girls differently. D. If gender discrimination in education starts at home, patents treat boys and girls the same. 137. Gender differences cannot prevent a person from pursuing a job. Success comes to those who have enough courage and will. A. Unless success comes to those who have enough courage and will, gender differences cannot prevent a person from pursuing a job. B. Gender differences cannot prevent a person from pursuing a job unless success comes to those who have enough courage and will. C. Gender differences can prevent a person from pursuing a job because success comes to those who have enough courage and will. D. Gender differences cannot prevent a person from pursuing a job because success comes to those who have enough courage and will. 138. Men should share household tasks with their wives. This helps to maintain gender equality at home. A. Men should share household tasks with their wives unless this helps to maintain gender equality at home. B. Men should share household tasks with their wives in order to maintain gender equality at home. C. Men should share household tasks with their wives, but this helps to maintain gender equality at home. D. Men shouldn't share household tasks with their wives because this helps to maintain gender equality at home. 139. Women have to do too much work. They will be exhausted. A. If women have to do too much work, they will be exhausted. B. Unless women have to do too much work, they will be exhausted. C. As long as women don’t I have to do too much work, they will be exhausted. D. In case women have to do too much work, they won’t be exhausted. 140. Wage discrimination attects women negatively. This should be abolished. A. Wage discrimination should be abolished, so it affects women negatively. B. Wage discrimination affects women negatively because this should be abolished. C. Wage discrimination affects women negatively, so this should be abolished. D. Wage discrimination should be abolished unless it affect women negatively. The End Thẩm Tâm Vy, August 31st, 2020 BÀI TẬP ANH 10 THÍ ĐIỂM ~ UNIT SIX.