Đề thi chọn đội tuyển HSG Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

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  1. SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO KỲ THI CHỌN ĐỘI TUYỂN HSG QUỐC GIA LỚP 12 Môn: Tiếng Anh ĐỀ THI CHÍNH THỨC Thời gian làm bài: 180 phút (không kể thời gian phát đề) Đề thi gồm 4 phần, 11 trang Số phách Điểm bài thi Họ và tên, chữ ký của giám khảo (Do Chủ tịch Hội đồng chấm thi ghi) Bằng số: Giám khảo số 1: Bằng chữ: Giám khảo số 2: PART A: LISTENING: HƯỚNG DẪN THI NGHE HIỂU: - Bài nghe gồm 3 phần, thí sinh được nghe 2 lần. Thí sinh được nghe lần lượt cả 3 phần lần 1, sau đó thí sinh được nghe lại lần thứ 2. Mở đầu bài nghe có tín hiệu nhạc. - Hướng dẫn làm bài chi tiết cho thí sinh bằng tiếng Anh đã có trong từng phần nghe. Part 1: Listen to a conversation between two teaching assistants and choose the best answer for each question from 1 to 5. 1. What problem at the office are Cathy and Stan discussing? A. There aren’t enough cabinets. B. There is too much noise. C. Office supplies are taking up space. D. Some teaching assistants don’t have desks. 2. Why do Jack’s students come to see him? A. To chat with Jack socially. B. To get help in the course. C. To hand in assignments. D. To practice giving interviews. 3. What does Stan suggest they do? A. Give Jack a different office. B. Complain to the department head. C. Move the supplies to the storage room. D. Try to get a room to use for meetings. 4. What does Cathy say about Stan’s suggestion? A. They would have to get permission. B. Jack wouldn’t like it. C. She thinks it might work. D. The other assistants should be consulted. 5. What are they going to do? A. Leave the office. B. Go to the storage room. C. Go to the meeting hall. D. Take out the cabinets. Your answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Part 2: Listen to a passage and choose the best answer for each question from 6 to 10. 6. What have farmers realized about organic farming? A. It is more costly than conventional farming. B. It is more cost-effective than conventional farming. C. It results in lower profits than conventional farming. 7. In what way does organic farming benefit the environment? - 1 -
  2. A. It does not use chemicals. B. It uses only synthetic materials. C. It can be used to control produce. 8. What comment did the speaker make about the certification process? A. Most farmers can pass it easily. B. It involves a great deal of processing. C. It involves quite strict standards. 9. Which concern do some people have about organic food? A. cost B. safety C. production methods 10. How does organic farming improve wildlife? A. It results in a greater variety of species. B. It reduces the amount of insects. C. It increases livestock. Your answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Part 3: Listen to the messages on Jack Waterman’s office answerphone and answer each question from 11 to 20 with NO MORE THAN 3 words. 11. Where is Mrs. Walterman? 12. When will she phone her husband? 13. Where is Shara Jones stuck in a traffic jam? 14. When does she think she will arrive? 15. Where will Dennis be this afternoon? 16. What doesn’t Jack’s mother like? 17. What does Terasa want to talk about? 18. How long will she be away? 19. Where is Jack’s son going tonight? 20. What does he want? PART B: LEXICO-GRAMMAR: I/ Choose the word or phrase that best completes each sentence. Write your answer (A, B, C, or D) in the numbered space. 1. Sheila will inherit everything ___ her uncle’s death. A. on account of B. in spite of C. in the event of D. in place of 2. His poor handling of the business ___ on negligence. A. neared B. edged C. approached D. bordered 3. Down ___ for three days. A. the rain poured B. poured the rain C. did the rain pour D. do the rain poor 4. Can I ___ your brains for a moment? I can’t do this crossword by myself. A. have B. pick C. mind D. use 5. The job wasn’t giving the ___ of the experience he wanted. A. width B. depth C. length D. breadth 6. I suppose I could ___ advertising. A. catch on B. get out of C. go in for D. work out 7. Whenever he watched detective films, his imagination ran ___ A. raging B. furious C. unchecked D. riot 8. She travelled the world in ___ of her dreams. A. pursuit B. finding C. chase D. trail 9. The agency is ___ and not run for profit. - 2 -
  3. A. charitable B. donated C. voluntary D. free 10. Mike, ___, will you switch off that television? A. once and for all B. now and then C. over and above D. from time to time Your answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. II/ The passage below contains 10 mistakes. Underline the mistakes and correct them in the space provided in the column on the right. (0) has been done as an example. Human and primates, the family of apes, gorillas, and chimpanzees, 0. Humans among others, divide many common traits. While primates are deemed the most intelligent of animals, most 1. ___ researchers believed they lack the capacity to produce language. However, a 2. ___ research project in the 1970s at University of Georgia showed promise that 3. ___ chimpanzees have the ability to learn a certain language, just as human children do. The project used several chimpanzees as test subjects in which 4. ___ Lana, a female chimp was the study focus. 5. ___ Though the primates lack the vocal constructions to make human 6. ___ speech patterns, the researchers created a language called Yerkish, using lexigraphy made up of symbols that represent sounds and words. 125 7. ___ symbols were placed on a keyboard, which Lana was taught how to use the 8. ___ board to communicate with the researchers. She successfully expressed her 9. ___ thoughts by pressing different keys in succession. In some cases, she used up to seven at times. 10. ___ LIÊN HẠ MUA FILE WORD CẠA: - BẠ 200 ĐẠ THPT QUẠC GIA CÓ HƯẠNG DẠN GIẠI CHI TIẠT - ĐẠ THI HẠC SINH GIẠI TẠNH CÓ FILE NGHE - ĐẠ THI ÔN HSG QUẠC GIA, OLYMPIC CÓ FILE NGHE CẠA CÁC TẠNH - NHIẠU CHUYÊN ĐẠ ÔN THI KHÁC ĐƯẠC BIÊN SOẠN KĨ LƯẠNG QUA SĐT: 032-777-3033 III/ Use the word given to form a word that fits in the space to complete the passage. LANGUAGE CHANCE The phenomenon of language change probably attracts more public notice and more (1) ___ (disapprove) than any other linguistic issue. There is a widely held belief that change must mean deterioration and decay. Older people observe the cause speech of the young and conclude that standards have fallen (2) ___ (appreciate). It is understandable that many people dislike change, but it is (3) ___ (wise) to condemn all linguistic (4) ___ (modify). It is often felt that contemporary language illustrates the problem at its worst, but this belief is shared by every generation. - 3 -
  4. There are indeed cases where linguistic change can lead to problems of unintelligibility and (5) ___ (ambiguous) and if change is too rapid there can be major communication problems. But as a rule, the parts of language which are (6) ___ (go) change at any given time are relatively small in comparison to the vast, unchanging areas of language. It is because change is so (7) ___ (frequent) that it is so distinctive and (8) ___ (notice). Some degree of caution and concern is therefore always desirable for the (9) ___ (maintain) of precision and (10) ___ (affect) communication but there are no grounds for the extremely pessimistic attitudes so often encountered. Your answers: 1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. . 6. . 7. . 8. . 9. . 10. . IV/ Complete each sentence with the correct form of one phrasal verb below. Write your answer in the numbered space. Each phrasal verb is used once only. take up get through frown on crop up show off feel for fall through run out strive for devolve on 1. I have been working very hard, I hope I will ___ my math exam. 2. He likes to ___ how well he speaks French. 3. They were sad because the plan ___ at the last minutes. 4. I do ___ you, honestly! 5. Sorry I am late. Something ___ at the office. 6. Most musicians spend their lives ___ perfection. 7. Clay-modelling ___ half the afternoon. 8. When the president is away, the work ___ the vice president. 9. Time was ___, so the committee had to make a snap decision. 10. Making private calls on the office phone is severely ___ in our department. Your answers: 1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. . 6. . 7. . 8. . 9. . 10. . V/ Fill in each gap of the following sentences with one preposition or particle. Write your answer in the numbered space. 1. Ben is a true adventurer. He has climbed this country's highest mountain, canoed ___ the continent, and hiked through the Amazon jungle. 2. As I had put on weight, my dress was too tight so I had to let it ___ especially around the waist. 3. I'm sorry but Dr. Andrew sees patients ___ appointments only. 4. Breaking his leg a second time put his football career ___ jeopardy. 5. He spoke ___ such assurance that we couldn't but believe him. 6. You drove me ___ distraction with your silly question. 7. All visitors are requested to comply ___ the regulations. 8. This is the most peculiar letter. What do you make ___ it? 9. If you lead someone on, you put self –interest ___ truth. 10. They were all ears ___ the president’s speech. Your answers: 1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . - 4 -
  5. 5. . 6. . 7. . 8. . 9. . 10. . PART C: READING COMPREHENSION: I/ Read the following passage and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each gap. Write your answer in the numbered space. When faced with some new and possible bewildering technology change, most people (1)___ in one of two ways. They either recoil (2) ___anything new, claiming that it is unnecessary, or too complicated or that it (3)___ makes life less than human. Or they learn to adapt to the new invention and (4)___ wonder how they could possibly have existed (5)___ it. Take computers as example. For many of us, they still (6) ___ a threat to our freedom and give us a frightening (7)___ of a future in which all decisions will be (8)___ by machines. This may be because they seem (9)___, and difficult to understand. Ask most people what you can use a home computer for, and you usually get vague answers about how ‘they give you information’. In fact, even those of us who are (10)___ with computer and use them in our daily work, have little idea of how they work. But it does not take long to learn how to operate a business programme, even if things occasionally go wrong for no apparent (11)___. Presumably, much the same happened when telephone and television became widespread. What seems to alarm most people is the (12)___ of technology change, (13)___ than change itself. And the objections that are made to new technology may (14)___ have a point to them, since change is not always an improvement. As we discover during power cuts, there is a lot to be said for the oil lamp, the coal fire, and forms of entertainment, such as books or board (15)___, which don’t have to be plugged into work. 1. A. react B. treat C. solve D. perform 2. A. of B. out of C. away from D. from 3. A. somewhere B. someplace C. someway D. somewhat 4. A. eventually B. possibly C. initially D. naturally 5. A. with B. without C. on D. for 6. A. show B. meet C. face D. represent 7. A. possibility B. sense C. idea D. prospect 8. A. invented B. changed C. taken D. done 9. A. unsteady B. unsure C. mysterious D. obvious 10. A. accustomed B. familiar C. used D. commonplace 11. A. reason B. cue C. excuse D. cause 12. A. rate B. swiftness C. speed D. tempo 13. A. more B. less C. rather D. other 14. A. badly B. better C. worse D. well 15. A. sports B. games C. plays D. shows Your answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. . 15. II/ Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer. Composers today use a wider variety of sounds than ever before, including many that were once considered undesirable noises. Composer Edgard Varese (1883-1965) called thus the "liberation of sound the right to make music with any and all sounds." Electronic music, for example-made with the aid - 5 -
  6. of computers, synthesizers, and electronic instruments-may include sounds that in the past would not have been considered musical. Environmental sounds, such as thunder, and electronically generated hisses and blips can be recorded, manipulated, and then incorporated into a musical composition. But composers also draw novel sounds from voices and non-electronic instruments. Singers may be asked to scream, laugh, groan, sneeze, or to sing phonetic sounds rather than words. Wind and string players may lap or scrape their instruments. A brass or woodwind player may hum while playing, to produce two pitches at once, a pianist may reach inside the piano to pluck a string and then run a metal blade along it. In the music of the Western world, the greatest expansion and experimentation have involved percussion instruments, which outnumber strings and winds in many recent compositions. Traditional percussion instruments are struck with new types of beaters; and instruments that used to be couriered unconventional in Western music- tom-toms, bongos, slapsticks, maracas-are widely used. In the search for novel sounds, increased use has been made in Western music of Microtones. Non- Western music typically divides and interval between two pitches more finely than Western music does, thereby producing a greater number of distinct tones, or micro tones, within the same interval. Composers such as Krzysztof Penderecki create sound that borders on electronic noise through tone clusters-closely spaced tones played together and heard as a mass, block, or band of sound. The directional aspect of sound has taken on new importance as well Loudspeakers or groups of instruments may be placed at opposite ends of the stage, in the balcony, or at the back and sides of the auditorium. Because standard music notation makes no provision for many of these innovations, recent music scores may contain graphlike diagrams, new note shapes and symbols, and novel ways of arranging notation on the page. 1. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. The use of nontraditional sounds in contemporary music. B. How sounds are produced electronically. C. How standard musical notation has beer, adapted for nontraditional sounds. D. Several composers who have experimented with the electronic production of sound. 2. The word "wider” in line 1 is closest in meaning to ___. A. more impressive B. more distinctive C. more controversial D. more extensive 3. The passage suggests that Edgard Varese is an example of a composer who ___. A. criticized electronic music as too noiselike. B. modified sonic of the electronic instruments he used in his music. C. believed that any sound could be used in music. D. wrote music with environmental themes. 4. The word "it" in line 11 refers to ___. A. piano B. string C. blade D. music 5. According to the passage, which of the following types of instruments has played a role in much of the innovation in Western music? A. String B. Percussion C. Woodwind D. Brass 6. The word “unconventional” in line 14 could be best replaced by ___. A. nontraditional B. controversial C. illogical D. irregular 7. The word "thereby” in line 18 is closest in meaning to ___. A. in return for B. in spite of C. by the way D. by that means 8. According to the passage, Krzysztof Penderecki is known for which of the following practices? A. Using tones that are clumped together. B. Combining traditional and non-traditional instruments. C. Seating musicians in unusual areas of an auditorium. D. Playing Western music for non-Western audiences. - 6 -
  7. 9. According to the passage, which of the followings would be considered traditional elements of Western music? A. Microtones B. Tom-toms and bongos C. Pianos D. Hisses 10. In paragraph 3, the author mentions diagrams as an example of a new way to ___. A. chart the history of innovation in musical notation. B. explain the logic of standard musical notation. C. design and develop electronic instruments. D. indicate how particular sounds should be produced. Your answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. III/ Read the passage and do the following tasks: Questions 1-5. Choose the most suitable heading for each paragraph. There are three headings that are not used. 1. Paragraph A 2. Paragraph B 3. Paragraph C 4. Paragraph D 5. Paragraph E List of headings I. Glacial continents V. Glaciers through the years II. Formation and growth of Glaciers VI. Types of Glaciers III. Glacial Movement VII. Glacial Effects on Landscape IV. Glaciers in the last Ice Age VIII. Glaciers in National Parks GLACIERS A. Besides the earth’s oceans, glacier ice is the largest source of water on earth. A glacier is a massive stream or sheet of ice that moves underneath itself under the influence of gravity. Some glaciers travel down mountains or valleys, while others spread across a large expanse of land. Heavily glaciated regions such as Greenland and Antarctica are called continental glaciers. These two ice sheets encompass more than 955 of the earth’s glacial ice. The Greenland ice sheet is almost 10,000 feet thick in some areas, and the weight of this glacier is so heavy that much of the region has been depressed below sea level. Smaller glaciers that occur at higher elevations are called alpine or valley glaciers. Another way of classifying glaciers is in terms of their internal temperature. In temperate glaciers, the ice within the glacier is near its melting point. Polar glaciers, in contrast, always maintain temperatures far below melting. B. The majority of the earth’s glaciers are located near the poles, though glaciers exist on all continents, including Africa and Oceania. The reason glaciers are generally formed in high alpine regions is that they require cold temperature throughout the year, in these areas where there is little opportunity for summer ablation (loss of mass), snow changes to compacted firn and then crystallized ice. During periods in which melting and evaporation exceed the amount of snowfall, glaciers will retreat rather than progress. While glaciers rely heavily on snowfall, other climatic conditions including freezing rain, avalanches, and wind, contribute to their growth. One year of below average precipitation can stunt the growth of a glacier tremendously. With the rare exception of surging glaciers, a common glacier flows about 10 inches per day in the summer and 5 inches per day in the winter. The fastest glacial surge on - 7 -
  8. record occurred in 1953, when the Kutiah Glacier in Pakistan grew more than 12 kilometers in three months. C. The weight and pressure of ice accumulation causes glacier movement. Glaciers move out from under themselves, via plastic deformation and basal slippage. First, the internal flow of ice crystals begins to spread outward and downward fro the thickened snow pack also known as the zone of accumulation. Next, the ice along the ground surface begins to slip in the same direction. Seasonal thawing at the base of the glacier helps to facilitate this slippage. The middle of a glacier moves faster than the sides and bottom because there is no rock to cause friction. The upper part of a glacier rides on the ice below. As a glacier moves it carves out a U-shaped valley to a riverbed, but with much steeper walls and flatter bottom. D. Besides the extraordinary rivers of rice, glacial erosion creates other unique physical features in the landscape such as horns, fjords, hanging valleys, and cirques. Most of these landforms don’t become visible until after has receded. Many are created by moraines, which occur at the sides and front of a glacier. Moraines are formed when material is picked up along the way and deposited in a new location. When many alpine glaciers occur on the same mountain, these moraines can create a horn. The matter horn, in the Swiss Alps is one of the most famous horns. Fjords, which are very common in Norway, are coastal valleys that fill with ocean water during a glacial retreat. Hanging valleys occur when two or more glacial valleys intersect at varying elevations. It is common for waterfalls to connect the higher and lower hanging valleys, such as in Yosemite National Park. A cirque is a large bowl-shaped valley that forms at the front of a glacier. Cirques often have a lip on their down slope that is deep enough to hold small lakes when the ice melts away E. Glacier movement and shape shifting typically occur over hundreds of years. While presently about 10% of the earth land is covered with glaciers, it is believed that during the last Ice age glaciers covered approximately 32% of the earth’s surface. In the past century, most glaciers have been retreating rather flowing forward. It is unknown whether this glacial activity is due to human impact or natural causes, but by studying glacier movement, and comparing climate and agricultural profiles over hundreds of years, glaciologists can begin to understand environmental issues such as global warming Question 6-10. Decide whether these statements are True (T), False (F) or Not Given (NG) 6. Glaciers exist only near the north and south poles. 7. Glaciers are formed by a combination of snow and other weather conditions. 8. Glaciers normally move at a race of about 5 to 10 inches a day. 9. All parts of the glacier move at the same speed. 10. During the last ice age, average temperatures were much lower than they are now. Your answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. IV/ Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word. Write your answer in the numbered space provided below the passage. Although the rise in the global temperature by 4 per cent predicted by many scientists may not sound like much, it is the difference between (1)___ and the last Ice Age, when huge glaciers (2)___ Europe and most of Britain. Nobody knows exactly what would happen in a warmer world, (3)___ we do know some things. Heat a kettle and the water inside it expands. The temperature of the world has climbed more than half a degree this century, and the oceans have risen by at (4)___ 10 cm. - 8 -
  9. But just as it takes several minutes for a kettle to begin (5)___, so it may have taken the oceans thirty years to swell. This means that the global warming we are now (6)___ is a result only of the carbon dioxide we have dumped into the atmosphere up to (7)___ 1960s. Since then, the use of fossil (8)___ has increased rapidly. Scientists working for the United Nations and European governments have (9)___ warning that what the Dutch and the people of the East Anglia will need to do will be to build more extensive sea defences. Many of the world’s greater cities are at (10)___, because they are located at sea level. Miami, (11)___ entirely built on a sandbank, could be swept away. But the effects of (12)___ sea levels will be much worse for the developing countries. With a metre rise in sea levels, 200 million people could become (13)___. There are other fears too, (14)___ to a recent United Nations report. The plight of the hungry in the northern Africa could (15)___, as rainfall in the Sahara and beyond is reduced by 20 per cent. Your answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. . 15. PART D: WRITING: I/ Use the word(s) given in brackets and make any necessary additions to complete a new sentence in such a way that it is as similar as possible in meaning to the original sentence. Do NOT change the form of the given word(s). Look at the example. Example: There was no conclusion at the end of the workshop. (conclude) .  They did not conclude anything at the end of the workshop. 1. From the educational point of view his childhood years had been well spent. (terms) 2. He's very good at tennis and he's also a very good footballer. (addition) 3. Why does everything seem to be difficult to me? (only) 4. If you work without a break, you are more likely to make an error. (prone) 5. We agreed that each of us would do the washing - up on alternate days. (turns) II/ The chart below shows the results of a survey on various home activities among young people aged 11 to 16 in four countries. Write a report (of at least 150 words) describing the information in the chart. You may add comments and reasons to your report. Home activities among young people - 9 -
  10. 60 Computer Games 50 Reading Board Games 40 Watching TV 30 20 10 % 0 England Scotland Ireland Wales III/ In about 300 words, write an essay that ends with the remark “Not everything learned is contained in books and knowledge gained from experience sometimes contrasts with knowledge gained - 10 -
  11. from books”. In your opinion which source is more important? Give reasons and examples to support your position. You may continue your writing on the back page if you need more space. - 11 -
  12. THE END - 12 -