Đề cương ôn tập giữa học kì 1 Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 - Năm học 2022-2023

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  1. REVISION FOR THE 1ST MIDDLE TERM TEST ENGLISH 12 (2022- 2023) I PHẦN TRẮC NGHIỆM LANGUAGE 1. Sound Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others: 1.A. diagnose B. achievement C. talented D. anonymous 2.A. congestion B. ambition C. influential D. reputation 3. A. beard B. hear C. rear D. swear 4. A. account B. astound C. country D. mounting 5 A. produced B.adopted C.needed D.competed 6. A.magazine B. device C.service D.progressive 7. A. asthma B. attitude C. habitat D. achievement 8. A. hospitalisation B. industrialisation C. question D. conservation 2. Vocabulary Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences. 1. Her ___ to medicine was so great that she had little time for anything else. A. importance B. dedication C. emphasis D. reputation 2. Tran Hung Dao was a great___ to lure the enemy. A. strategy B. strategist C. soldier D. king 3. Bill Gates’ ___ in donating large sums of money towards welfare activities is remarkable. A. generosity B. politeness C. wealth D. talent 4. Nowadays, people are searching for more ___ materials to build their houses. A. environment-friendly B. environmentally-friendly C. environmental-friendly D. environmental-friend 5. Poaching ___ the greatest threat to many species. A. creates B. presents C. poses D. produces 6. Switching to ___ eco light bulb is one way to protect the environment. A. energy-wasting B. energy-expending C. energy-lacking D. energy-saving 7. This school has an excellent___ in the community. A. image B. reputation C. name D. opinion 8. ___ zones are developing rapidly in the urban areas. A. Agricutural B. Organization C. Industrial D. Industrialization 9. Martin Luther King devoted his life to the ___ of voting right for black people. A. effort B. realization C. achievement D. performance 10. In Africa, people's interference in the rhino's ___ leads to habitat loss. A. sector B. territory C. domain D. country 11. In Singapore, people try to ___ 80% of all waste. A. reprocess B. reclaim C. recycle D. reuse 12. His father used to be a ___ professor at the university. Many students worshipped him. A. distinct B. distinctive C. distinguishing D. distinguished 13. Hawking was honored with many ___ awards like the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society. A. exceptional B. imperative C. indispensable D. prestigious 14. Unemployment and poverty force people to ___ in anti-social activities. A. include B. engage C. take D. oppose 15. Vietnam is facing numerous challenges caused by rapid urbanization, leaving burdens on its technical and social ___. A. appliance B. facilities C. equipment D. infrastructure 16. The United Nations estimates that 1.1 billion people have no access to fresh water and 2.4 billion lack access to adequate ___. A. sanitation B. facilities C. equipment D. congestion
  2. 3. The word Closest in meaning Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in each of the following questions 1. She's a down-to-earth woman with no pretensions. A. ambitious B. creative C. idealistic D. practical 2. Nylon is a man-made fibre, the use of which has helped more people to have cheaper and more colourful clothes to wear. A. natural B. plastic C. synthetic D. artificial 3. For environmental safety, we need to find ways to reduce emission of fumes and smoke of factories. A. leak B. release C. poison D. pollutant 4. She was brought up in the slums of Leeds. A. downtown area B. industrial area C. poor area D. rural area 15. Many of the immigrants have intermarried with the island's original inhabitants. A. foreigners B. landlord C. newcomer D. dwellers 5. There has been a hot debate among the scientists relating to the pros and cons of using robotic probes to study distant objects in space. A. problems and solutions B. advantages and disadvantages C. solutions and limitations D. causes and effects 4. The word Opposite in meaning Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word in each of the following questions 1. Her courage not only inspired her followers but moved her rivals as well. A. depressed B. motivated C. overlooked D. rejected 2. The speaker paused. He hesitated to answer the direct question raised by the audience. A. decided B. continued C. determined D. wavered 3. The promise of jobs and prosperity pulls people to cities. A. education B. poverty C. stabilization D. wealth 4. Modern buildings are designed to maximize natural light. A. absorb B. increase C. let D. minimize 5. Error Identification: Subjunctives: Choose the underlined part among A, B, C, D that needs correcting 1.Her parents insisted that she learns hard for the GCSE exams. A. parents B. learns C. for D. exam 2. The monk insisted that the tourists not entering the temple until they had removed their shoes. A. The monk B. the tourists C. not entering D. until 3. Mary demanded that the heater repaired immediately. Her apartment was freezing. A. that B. repaired C. immediately D. was freezing 4. It is essential that he goes to school tomorrow A. is B. goes C. to D. tomorow Articles Choose the underlined part among A, B, C, D that needs correcting 1. Have you finished reading book I lent you? A. Have B. finished C. book D. lent 2. The most people need healthy eating and enough exercise every day. A. The B. healthy eating C. enough exercise D. every day 3. After a hard-working day, I went to bed and had a most beautiful dream ever. A. hard-working B. went C. a D. most beautiful 4. Last month, while my friend was travelling round England by the car, he crashed the car into a tree. A. was travelling B. by the C. the D. a
  3. READING Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks Le Loi is among the (1) ___most famous figures of Vietnamese history and one of its greatest heroes. He was a determined leader of Lam Son uprising against The Minh invaders (1418-1427) in spite of hardship and difficulties. He was respected for his perseverance during the 10 years’ war. He freed the country and became King in 1428. Many legends and stories were told about Le Loi. The most famous story concerns his magical sword. Le Loi he obtained the sword from Dragon King (Long Vuong in Vietnamese), a demi-god to the local people, who decided to lend his sword to him . One day, not long after the Chinese had accepted Vietnam as independent, Le Loi was out boating on a lake in Hanoi. The golden turtle advanced toward the boat and the king, then with a human voice, it asked him to return the magic sword to his master, Dragon King, (2) ___ lived under the water. Suddenly it became clear to Le Loi that the sword was only lent to him to carry out his duty, (3) ___ now it must be returned to its rightful owner, lest it corrupts him. Le Loi drew the sword out of its scabbard and lobbed it towards the turtle. With a great speed, the turtle opened its mouth and snatched the (4)___from the air with its teeth. It descended back into the water, with the shiny sword in its mouth. Le Loi then acknowledged the sword had gone back to the Dragon King and caused the lake to be renamed 'The Lake of the Returned Sword' (Hoan Kiem Lake) located in present-day Hanoi. Countless poems and songs were written about Le Loi, both during his lifetime and in later years. Le Loi is (5) ___as the perfect embodiment of the just, wise, and capable leader. All future Vietnamese kings were measured against the standard of Le Loi and most were found wanting. Every town in Vietnam has one of the major streets named after Le Loi, but in Hanoi the name is Le Thai To Street. Question 1: A. the B. a C. an D. no article Question 2: A. whose B. which C. who D. whom Question 3: A. but B. so C. however D. therefore Question 4: A. knife B. sword C. gun D. hammer Question 5: A. looked upon B. looked after C. looked up D. looked at Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. The increase in urbanization causes different problems. Air and water pollution are amongst the major issue we have to tackle. In the first place, cars, factories and burning waste emit dangerous gases that change the air quality in our cities and pose threats to our health. Dangerous gases such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides cause respiratory diseases, for instant, bronchitis and asthma. Those are also proved to have long-term effects on the environment. Furthermore, with the increased population, it becomes difficult to manage the waste generated in cities. Most of the waste is discharged or dumped into rivers or onto streets. The waste pollutes water and makes it unfit for human consumption. Subsequently, it becomes more and more difficult for city dwellers to get clean water. Some cities in Africa are unable to provide adequate water supply because most of the water is lost in pipe leakages. In fact, most city dwellers in developing countries are forced to boil their water or to buy bottled water, which is very expensive.
  4. There are several actions that could be taken to eradicate the problems described above. Firstly, a simple solution would be joining community efforts to address problems affecting your city. Ask your parents, friends and relatives to join in as well. These efforts might include clean-up campaigns, recycling projects and a signature campaign to ask the government to do something about the situation. A second measure would be encouraging your teacher to talk about these problems and to discuss how young people can help to solve them. Finally, writing to local organizations working on these issues for ideas on how you can contribute to solve them. Question 1. The word tackle in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ___. A. deal with B. make up C. try on D. turn down Question 2. The word those in paragraph 2 refers to ___. A. bronchitis and asthma B. carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides C. dangerous gases D. respiratory diseases Question 3. According to the passage, in some cities in Africa ___. A. people are allowed to dump waste into rivers and on streets B. people aren't provided enough water due to leaking pipes C. people have found some solutions to the problems D. people would rather use boiling water and bottled water Question 4. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. City problems should be taught and be topic for students to discuss at school. B. Children must ask for their parent's permission before joining community efforts. C. Participators might take part in different kinds of projects and campaigns. D. People can contribute in solving the problems by writing to local organizations working on these issues. Question 5. Which of the following would serve as the best title for the passage? A. Environment degradation: Air and water pollution B. Environmental pollution: Problems and actions C. Increasing urbanization: Causes and effects D. Increasing urbanization: Effects and solutions Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks Urbanisation programmes are being (1)___ in many parts of the world, especially in densely populated regions with limited land and resources. It is the natural outcome of economic development and (2)___ It has brought a lot of benefits to our society. (3)___ it also poses various problems for local authorities and town planners in the process of maintaining sustainable urbanisation, especially in developing countries. When too many people cram into a small area, urban infrastructure can't be effective. There will be a (4)___: of livable housing, energy and water supply. This will create overcrowded urban districts with no proper facilities.
  5. Currently, fast urbanisation is taking place predominantly in developing countries where sustainable urbanisation has little relevance to people's lives. Their houses are just shabby slums with poor sanitation. Their children only manage to get basic education. Hence, the struggle for survival is their first priority rather than anything else. Only when the quality of their existence is improved can they seek (5)___ other high values in their life. Question 1. A. carried out B. carried over C. carried off D. carry back Question 2. A. industrialize B. industrial C. industrialisation D. industry Question 3. A. Because B. However C. Therefore D. Although Question 4. A. appearance B. plenty C. loss D. lack Question 5. A. on B. about C. with D. for Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. A striking feature of Viet Nam’s remarkable progress over the last few decades is the rapid pace of urbanisation. In 1986, there were fewer than there are 30 million urban residents. Today there are 30 million. Cities have become strong growth forces, with urban areas growing twice as fast as the national average rate, and contributing over half of the country’s gross domestic product. Viet Nam needs to reshape its urbanization process to create more efficient cities - cities that have sufficient population densities are well connected internally and regionally, and well managed. In addition, in line with Viet Nam's strong preference for social equity, cities will need to ensure inclusion of all residents, with no groups or area “left behind." Meanwhile, rural residents increasingly lag behind their urban counterparts in income and access to services, leading many to migrate to cities. Migration presents challenges for urban management but also opportunities to enhance labor mobility. Fortunately, these trends can be reversed. For example, four years ago, Alley 76 in Binh Thanh district, Ho Chi Minh City was only narrow enough for one motorbike to get through. Store owner Bui Thi Mai knows how a clean and efficient city can make or break a business. When it rained, the alley was often flooded with floating garbage and mosquitoes. Crime was increasing. Today, after undergoing major upgrading under an urban renewal project, the street is cleaner, safer and trucks carry goods to her door. Her family income has soared and her life has been completely changed. Question 1. Urbanisation in Viet Nam has ___. A. mainly contributed to the country’s GDP B. promoted the country’s economy twice as fast as before C. made rural areas develop along with urban ones D. made urban areas develop faster than the average Question 2. All of the following are necessary for efficient cities EXCEPT ___. A. management decision B. sufficient working population C. internal and regional connections D. good organisation Question 3. It can be inferred from the passage that along with urban migration___. A. cities offer sufficient employment opportunities for migrants B. population of cities accounts for the majority of the country's C. the city authorities face both advantages and disadvantages D. people in rural areas do not suffer from poor infrastructure in the city. Question 4. The responsibility of city authorities is ___. A. to provide equal opportunities for every group of residents B. to stop the migration from the rural areas C. to contribute much more to the country's gross domestic product D. to leave all difficulties behind in order to move forward Question 5. All of the following are benefits from the urban renewal project EXCEPT that ___. A. the streets and alleys will no longer be flooded
  6. B. business and the living conditions have been improved C. the neighbourhood has become cleaner and safer D. people can have goods carried to their door Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. Nguyen Binh Khiem was a Vietnamese administrator, educator, poet, and sage. As a poet throughout his life, he composed many poems in Chinese and Nom that have survived to this day. He is referred to by several names: Hanh Phu, Bach Van cu si (White Cloud Hermit) and Trang Trinh. Born in Co Am village in 1491, he got the teaching from the second-rank doctor Luong Dac Bang and passed the official government examination in 1535, ranking number one in the country. This was a period of great instability in Viet Nam which may explain the reason why he took the exam at such a late age. He served in the Mac Dynasty court for just seven year until 1542 when he resigned after his official complaints about royal court corruptions were ignored. He then returned to his native village and opened a school. Among his students were Phung Khac Khoan (a diplomat), Luong Huu Khanh, Nguyen Du (the author of Truyen ky man luc). Nguyen Binh Khiem became a person much sought after by many leaders during that time of upheaval, civil war, the Mac collapse, and the rise of the Trinh Lords and Nguyen Lords. Both Trinh Kiem and Nguyen Hoang sought his advice in their pursuit of power. To the former, he gave the advice of being the real power behind the restored Le Dynasty. To the latter, he advised building a base of power in the undeveloped south. Both men followed these suggestions, resulting in a political and military division of Viet Nam that would last for 200 years. As a result of this sage advice, Nguyen Binh Khiem gained a reputation as someone who could foretell the future. Some of his prophecies were of a Delphic nature as they were ambiguous and could be read in several ways. Question 1.The reason why he took the official government examination at a late age was that ___. A. there was no examination before that B. he waited for the Mac Dynasty to rule the country C. the country went through many conflicts D. he was busy composing poems Question 2.In 1542, he resigned from the royal court because ___. A. the royal court didn't pay attention to his complaints B. the royal court ignored his suggestions developing the country C. he was replaced by his talented students D. there were corruptions in the royal court Question 3.All of the following are true about the period after he resigned from the royal court EXCEPT that ___. . A. he trained some famous scholars for the country B. the kings or lords often came to him for advice C. he composed poems and some prophecies D. he paid no attention to politics and ignored it Question 4.We can infer from the passage that ___. A. he asked Trinh Kiem to become the king of the restored Le Dynasty B. he foresaw the division of Viet Nam between the Trinh Lords and Nguyen Lords C. he advised Nguyen Hoang to live in peace in the undeveloped south D. he made the Mac Dynasty collapse with his prophecies and influence Question 5.His prophecies ___. . A. are accurate all the time B. can be understood in several ways C. can give us good advice about the future D. contain reliable information about the future Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks
  7. Many people still believe that natural resources will never be used up. Actually, the world's energy resources are (1) __ Nobody knows exactly how much fuel left. However, we also should use them economically and try to find out (2) ___ sources of power. According to Professor Marvin Burnham of the New England Institute of Technology, we have to start conserving coal, oil and gas before it is too late; and (3) ___ power is the only alternative. However, many people do not approve of using it because it is very dangerous. What would happen if there were a serious nuclear accident? Radioactivity (4) ___ cancer and may badly affect the future generations. The most effective thing is that we should use natural resources as (5) ___as possible. Question 1. A. plentiful B. abundant C. limited D. infinite Question 2. A. spare B. alternative C. further D. non-renewable Question 3. A. nuclear B. solar C. wind D. water Question 4. A. results B. connects C. causes D. leads Question 5. A. economy B. economic C. economical D. economically II. PHẦN TỰ LUẬN Word Form Supply the correct form of word in bracket to fill in the blank to make a meaningful sentence 1.We could mention some solutions and government ___ in the conclusion.( INITIATE) 2. It turned out to be a ___ journey when the weather became bad. (HAZARD) 3. I never leave any electrical appliances on standby and I think it is a good way to ___ energy in the home. (CONSERVATION) 4. He seems like a ___ businessman, but he caused some personal scandals.( RESPECT) 5. A couple who gave their 50th blood ___ were presented with awards to mark their achievement. (DONATE) 6. Some argue that the intellectual life of Bulgarians in the nineteenth century was ___ influenced by Russian culture. (STRENGTHEN) 7. The government's plans to cut taxes really stimulated the___.(ECONOMIC) 8. Students can easily overload their short-term memory with unnecessary___.(INFORM) WRITING: Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. Use the word(s) in brackets Rewrite the sentences, using “the past continuous” and “while” or “when”. Question 1. We were having dinner and they were listening to the radio. (WHILE) We were Question 2. She was sleeping and the fire started. (WHEN) The fire Question 3. She was reading a book and the man came in. (WHEN) The man Question 4. They were working in the field and it was raining heavily. (WHILE) It . Rewrite the following sentences (Subjunctives) Question 1: “Why don’t you ask her yourself?” => My friend suggests that___
  8. Question 2: An accountant has to master computer science. => It is necessary that___ Question 3: Everyone find it important for us to do something to save the environment. => It is important that we___ Question 4: The headmaster insists on every schoolgirl’s wearing Ao Dai every Monday. => The headmaster insists that___ 3. Rewrite the following sentences (Complex/ Compound sentences) 1. He tried his best, but he didn’t succeed. (Though) 2. The clown entered the circus ring and the children started clapping. (When) 3. Take care of the pence and the pounds will take care of themselves.(If) 4. As this book is written in simple English, it is suitable for beginners (so) WRITE A PARAGRAPH 1. Write a paragraph of approximately 120-150 words about the person that has great influence on you. (1.0point) . 2. Write a paragraph of approximately 120-150 words to EXPLAIN some of the ways in which humans are damaging the environment. What can you do to address these problems? 3. In many countries, people are moving from rural areas to urban areas. What are the reasons for this? What problems can this cause? Write a paragraph of approximately 120-150 words to explain this issue. . THE END